Write a program that prints an average temperatue that is close to Zero

The idea is to get the lowest number that is close to the value zero (irrespective of the negative or positive value) from an array of average temperatures that are supplied like so:

{ 7, 7.9, 10.5, -4, 3, -6, -2, 1, -15, 11.3, 9, -1 }

One way is to iterate through an array of numbers and store the lowest number in a temp variable and print it out to a console.

As a side, an Array class provides methods for creating, manipulating, searching arrays which serves as the base class for all arrays in common language runtime typically referred to as CLR. The array data structure contains a contiguous collection of data items that can be accessed by an ordinal index.

I have assigned an arbitrary value of 50 to the temp variable prior to iterating through the array elements, comparing it and assigning the lowest number to the temp variable until it reaches the last element of the array before printing out the number.

public static void GetTemperatureCloseToZero()
            double temp = 50.0; //some arbitrary value
            double diff;
            int target = 0;

            double[] arr = { 7, 7.9, 10.5, -4, 3, -6, -2, 1, -15, 11.3, 9, -1 };

            for (int i = 0; i < arr.Length; i++)
                diff = Math.Abs(Convert.ToDouble(arr[i])) - Convert.ToDouble(target);
                if (diff <= temp)
                    temp = diff;
            Console.WriteLine("The closest value to 0 is: {0}", temp);

Alternative Solution:
If you don’t want to iterate through the items in an array, you can also use the Sort() method to sort elements in the entire list using the default comparer like so:

       public static void GetTempCloseToZeroSort()
            double[] arr = { 7, 7.9, 10.5, -4, 3, -6, -2, 1, -15, 11.3, 9, -1 };
            List list = new List();

            foreach (var item in arr)
            Console.WriteLine("The closest value to 0 is: {0}", list[0]);

In both case the code produces the following output:ArrayOut1

I hope this will help those that are just getting into data structures.




Posted in Algorithms & Data Structures | Comments Off on Write a program that prints an average temperatue that is close to Zero

How to check if nested brackets are in the correct logical order

I am starting a series of blog posts on algorithms and data structures with the first one being the easiest!

Q. Write a method that checks if the nested brackets are in the correct logical order. The input string is the following:

“{ [ () {} ] }”

Please note, there can be many interpretations, but here’s how I am attempting to solve this question which may not necessarily be the most efficient solution. Here it goes…

First off, I create a console app and write a function that removes erroneous spaces like so:

        public static String FilterErroneousChars(String input)
            int len = input.Length;
            char[] arr = input.ToCharArray();
            String filter = "";
            for (int i = 0; i < len; i++)
                if (arr[i].Equals('(') || arr[i].Equals(')') || arr[i].Equals('[') || arr[i].Equals(']') || arr[i].Equals('{') || arr[i].Equals('}'))
                    filter += arr[i];
            return filter;

Once the function is executed, it’ll return a string with no spaces, i.e. “{[(){}]}”.

Next, I call the method from Program Main() and pass in the compressed string as input like so:

Then, I check to see if any of the nested pair(s) is equal. If the condition is met, the program replaces the nested brackets with an empty string until there’s nothing left.

In the end, I check to see if the length of the string is 0. Once this condition evaluates to True, we know, that the input string is well-formed, else NOT.

I hope, those of you that are new to data structures, you might find this algorithmic exercise useful.

String s = Algorithms.FilterErroneousChars("{ [ () {} ] }");
            while ((s.Length != 0) && (s.Contains("[]") || s.Contains("()") || s.Contains("{}")))
                s = s.Replace("[]", "");
                s = s.Replace("()", "");
                s = s.Replace("{}", "");

            if (s.Length == 0)
                Console.WriteLine("Well Formed");
                Console.WriteLine("Not Well Formed");
Posted in Algorithms & Data Structures | Comments Off on How to check if nested brackets are in the correct logical order

What package(s) do I need for EF Core 2.x?

First off, it is important to note that there are a couple of ways to download package(s).
1. You can use NuGet right from inside Visual Studio IDE
2. You can also use CLI (Command Line Interface)

Here, I’ll demonstrate both of them.

Even though you could install Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore, however, you would need a database provider to interact with. Given, that EF Core is modular, and depending on the data-store you want to work with, you would only need to install that specific database provider.

Unlike EF 6.x, where SQL Server is the default database provider; that is not the case with EF Core. EF Core supports a variety of databases that include the following:

  • Microsoft SQL Server
  • SQLite
  • Postgres SQL
  • MySQL
  • SqlServerCompact (By Erik Jensen)
  • In-Memory Testing

When using CLI, you would want to install the following by navigating to Tools – NuGet Package Manager – Package Manager Console.

c:\Install-Package Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServer

If you wish to create a database using Migrations from your POCO classes or what is typically referred as Code-First workflow, you would need to install the following from the command line:

c:\Install-Package Microsoft.EntityFramework.Tools

You might also need Design tools in the event you want to create Controllers and Views using the Scaffolding feature of ASP.NET Core MVC. This can be obtained by installing the following:

c:\Install-Package Microsoft.VisualStudio.Web.CodeGeneration.Design

In the event where you want to use Visual Studio’s IDE, you can simply navigate to Tools – NuGetPackageManager – Manage NuGet Packages for Solution.

Once, the NuGet Window opens up, you can type in the appropriate package in the Search text field which will give you a list of stable packages unless you check the Include Prerelease check box to the right of the search field.

That’s all there is to it!

Posted in ORM | Comments Off on What package(s) do I need for EF Core 2.x?

Mongo DB and .NET

This is my last blog post of the year 2017 where I am going to showcase how you can make the .NET application talk to a Mongo DB.

Just a quick recap…MongoDB is a document database that stores data in flexible, JSON-like documents, meaning fields can vary from document to document and data structures can be changed over time.

If you want to know about Mongo DB, what it is and why you should use it, you can read the article from one of my earlier posts here.

First things first, install the following:

  • Robo 3T from www.robomongo.org

Robo 3T (formerly Robomongo) is the free lightweight GUI embedded shell for MongoDB users.

Launch Visual Studio and create a Console App (.NET Framework).

Now install the following packages from NuGet:

  • MongoDB.Bson
  • MongoDB.Driver
  • MongoDB.Driver.Core


It’s time to write some code, but before that, add references to the project and use the following namespaces:

using MongoDB.Bson;
using MongoDB.Bson.Serialization.Attributes;
using MongoDB.Driver;
using System;
using System.Linq;

Let’s create a POCO class and call it Book. This is done in order for the document model to map to the objects in the application code therefore making data easy to work with.

    public class Book
        public  ObjectId Id { get; set; }
        public string ISBN { get; set; }
        public string Title { get; set; }
        public string Author { get; set; }
        public DateTime Published { get; set; }
        public string Publisher { get; set; }

Let’s insert a record into the book collection like so:

private static void InsertBook()
            var client = new MongoDB.Driver.MongoClient();
            var db = client.GetDatabase("admin");
            var col = db.GetCollection("Books");

            Book objBook = new Book();
            objBook.Id = ObjectId.GenerateNewId();
            objBook.ISBN = "593220";
            objBook.Title = "Debgging Mongo App";
            objBook.Author = "Obi Oberoi, Ken Cenerelli";
            objBook.Published = Convert.ToDateTime("2017-12-31T00:00:00Z");
            objBook.Publisher = "Wrox";


To get a book collection, use the code below:

private static void GetAllBooks()
            var client = new MongoDB.Driver.MongoClient();
            var db = client.GetDatabase("admin");
            var col = db.GetCollection("Books");

            foreach(Book doc in col.Find(b=&gt; b.Title.Length &gt; 0)
                    .SortByDescending(b=&gt; b.Title)
                Console.WriteLine("BookID: {0}", doc.Id);
                Console.WriteLine("Title: {0}", doc.Title);
                Console.WriteLine("Author: {0}", doc.Author);

Let’s take our code to test by calling the methods from the Main program:

static void Main(string[] args)

As you saw in just a few lines of code, one could easily perform CRUD operations against MongoDB with a CLR compliant language such as C#.

Posted in NoSQL | Comments Off on Mongo DB and .NET

What is the difference between Delete and Truncate

There are a subtle difference between Delete and Truncate.

Delete statement delete rows one row at a time while also logging each deleted row in the transaction log.

TRUNCATE TABLE statement on the other hand quickly deletes all records in a table by de-allocating the data pages used by the table.

This can be best illustrated with a small demo.

Let’s create a table. For the purposes of demo, I am going to create a temporary table like so. Feel welcome to create a physical table without the hash sign.

	FirstName NCHAR(25),
	LastName NCHAR(25),
	Gender NCHAR(10)

If you run a query, you can see we only have the structure, but no data.

select * from #TmpDelete

Let’s try and insert some records into it. I have inserted the following records:

Next, we will try and delete all the nine records:

Now, let’s add back nine more records:

Sure enough, the records were added, but the ID was not re-seeded. It continued from the last ID of 9 which was deleted in the previous step.

If you used TRUNCATE, the result would be different, in that the ID would be re-seeded to the starting point that is 1.

Below is a brief summary of the differences between the DELETE and TRUNCATE operations:

DELETE Operation

  • Deletes ALL rows or some rows from the table based on the WHERE clause
  • Identity columns are not re-seeded. This statement is not entirely true unless you use the following statement right after deleting the records i.e.
  • It fires the DELETE trigger on the table
  • It De-allocates records row-by-row

TRUNCATE Operation

  • Deletes/Removes ALL rows from the table
  • Identity columns are re-seeded by this operation
  • No TRIGGERS are fired no the table
  • No WHERE clause can be used when using the TRUNCATE operation
  • If the table references a Foreign Key, TRUNCATE operation cannot be used.
Posted in ORM | Comments Off on What is the difference between Delete and Truncate